Jayanti means birthday. Swaminarayan was a divine incarnation in India, from 1781-1830. India has many, many divine incarnations of men and women. Swaminarayan was one such divine birth. The divine always comes to correct humans on the path and to destroy evils and impediments to following that path to liberation, freedom from the cycle of birth and death, and birth again.
About his mission by Swaminarayan in his own words
The earlier avatars incarnated to serve a specific purpose; however, My present incarnation is to Brahmanise (realization of Supreme Being) the Jivas and grant them ultimate salvation. For this mission, I, the Purushottam, transcending Aksharbrahma, have assumed a human form.
During his stay on earth, Swaminarayan enlightened millions of souls and his immortal teachings continue to inspire millions around the world. Apart from spreading the message of Sanatana Dharma (the eternal wisdom, the perennial philosophy), he was also indulged in eradicating numerous social vices and correcting numerous unhealthy practices which were practiced in the name of Hinduism.
Swaminarayan left his body and merged with the Supreme Soul on Jeth 10, Vikram Samvat 1886 (1st June 1830 AD).
On the Swaminarayan Jayanti (birthday), devotees observe nirjala upvaas (fasting without taking water). The entire day is celebrated by listening to the incidents in the life of Swaminarayan, reading scriptures and singing sacred songs.
On the day, at 10.10 p.m. – the time of incarnation – an ‘arati’ (waving of the sacred flame) of the child form of Swaminarayan is performed in all temples (mandirs) dedicated to Him.
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